A Brief Overview Of The UK ( The United Kingdom)
The United Kingdom is a state consisting of the historic countries of England, Wales and Scotland, as well as Northern Ireland. It is recognised and known for the home of both modern parliamentary democracy and the Industrial Revolution.
Two world wars and the end of empirical rule diminished its role in the 20th century, and the 2016 referendum vote to leave the European Union has raised significant questions and doubts about the country’s global role.
Nonetheless, the United Kingdom remains an economic and military power with political and cultural influence around the world.
The British descend from invaders and migrants, including Celts, Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Vikings, and Normans. In the 1950s and 1960s, people from former colonies in the Caribbean, Africa, and Asia came to the United Kingdom to work.
Sports and literature are among the United Kingdom’s cultural claims to fame. Soccer, rugby, cricket, boxing, and golf were all invented in Britain. And the U.K. has many born great writers; William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens, and J.K. Rowling, the writer of the Harry Potter books.
Around 5,000 years ago, the middle of the United Kingdom was covered with thick forests. Thousands of years ago, these woodlands were cleared by ancient farmers, and today only about 10 percent of the land left is forest.
The United Kingdom’s complex geology gives rise to a wide diversity of landscapes and a range of habitats for its animal and plant life.
Great Britain’s rugged mountains, like the Scottish Highlands, offer habitat that is relatively untouched by humans. The country’s 7,700 miles (12,429 kilometers) of shoreline, ranging from tall cliffs to beaches to marshes, also provide homes for wildlife such as seabirds and seals.
Britain’s system of government has evolved over many centuries. Kings once ruled with advice from a council of religious leaders and nobles. That council eventually expanded into the Parliament, which now passes all the country’s laws. Today, the monarch (which can be a king or queen) has no real power and is a cultural figurehead.
The UK has been a leading trading nation for more than 500 years. In the 19th century, British industry and the industrial revolution helped make the country the most powerful nation in the world. It is still one of the strongest economies in the world.
The first Britons (United Kingdom residents) were the Picts, who came about 10,000 years ago. In the eighth century B.C., the Celts arrived from Europe and pushed the Picts north into Scotland. In A.D. 43, the Romans invaded and ruled over the land for nearly 400 years. They built many new infrastructures including roads, bathhouses, sewers, and large villas.
By the sixth century A.D., German peoples known as Angles, Jutes, and Saxons were moving into Britain. The Angles gave their name to England, and English people became known as the Anglo-Saxons. From the 900s to the 1400s, England was ruled over by Viking, Danish, and Norman invaders.
In 1485 the Welsh noble Henry Tudor claimed the English crown and became Henry VII, the first of five Tudor monarchs. Several important lines of kings and queens followed after.
By the 1800s, Britain was one of the most powerful nations in the world. Trade generated immense wealth, and the country built a huge overseas empire. But the early 20th century was a time of setbacks and chaos for Britain. Drained by World War I and II, Britain could no longer afford its empire, and most of its colonies became independent.
The UK has beautiful places to explore and rich history however it’s positioning in the world currently is unknown and in peril.
Thank you for reading, I hope you learnt something new today.